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Observations

Space Based Imaging

More data: SWAP, EUI

Ground Based Imaging

More: H-α, WL, Ca-IIK, Drawings

Ground Based Radio

More: ARCAS+HSRS, CALLISTO

Space Based Timelines

More data: LYRA, TSI

WDC Sunspot Index

More data: SILSO

Space Weather Services

Detections

Solar Map

Latest Alerts

Presto 2024-05-25

A partial halo CME was observed leaving the Sun at 13:25 UT (LASCO C2) on 24 May, directed towards the east with an angular width of about 150 degrees and speed close to 600 km/s. This CME is backsided and will not affect the Earth.

CACTus Halo 2024-05-24

A halo or partial-halo CME was detected with the following characteristics: t0 | dt0| pa | da | v | dv | minv| maxv| 2024-05-24T14:00:07.550 | 3.0 | 135 | 232 | 771 | 412 | 262 | 1838 t0: onset time, earliest indication of liftoff dt0: duration of liftoff (hours) pa: principal angle, counterclockwise from North (degrees) da: angular width of the CME (degrees), v: median velocity (km/s) dv: variation (1 sigma) of velocity over the width of the CME mindv: lowest velocity detected within the CME maxdv: highest velocity detected within the CME

Forecasts

  • Flare: M-class flares
    (≥50%)
  • Protons: Warning condition
    (increased activity)
  • Geomagnetic: Quiet
    (A<20 and K<4)
  • All quiet: False
  • Provisional SSN: 114

Solar Activity

URSIgram 2024-05-26

There are seven visible ARs on the solar disk. Solar activity has been low, only C-class flaring in the last 24 hours. The region that was creating most of the activity, NOAA AR 3679, has now rotated out of view. The strongest flare was a C5.3 one peaking at 09:36 UTC, from NOAA AR 3691. This is the AR that caused several X-flares in the last rotation. Still showing a beta-gamma-delta magnetic field configuration, this AR has potential for strong flares, but seems so far calmer than in the previous rotation. More C-class flares can be expected and M-class flares are possible. No Earth directed CME has been observed in the last 24 hours. The 10 MeV GOES-18 proton flux was below threshold in the past 24 hours and is expected to remain so in the next 24 hours. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux from GOES 16 was below the threshold level in the last 24 hours. It is expected to remain below the threshold during the next 24 hours. The electron fluence was at normal levels for the last 24 hours and is expected to remain so.

Solar Wind

URSIgram 2024-05-26

Geomagnetic conditions have been mostly quiet both at planetary and local levels (Kp and K_Bel up to 3).Similar conditions can be expected in the next 24 hours. A glancing blow from the 23 May CME (with low chances of arrival) may create active conditions. The solar wind at the Earth is slow, with speeds around 360 km/s and interplanetary magnetic field around 6 nT. Similar conditions can be expected for the next 24 hours. There are low chances of a glancing blow of the CME from 23 May after that.

Research

News

NOAA13664

When the dust has settled...

Flare productivity from NOAA 13664 and the extreme geomagnetic storm on 10-11 May rank amongst the most impressive in the space weather domain. A perspective.
Front

The King is dead, long live the King?

While NOAA 3664 has rounded the Sun's west limb, a new X-class flare producing active region has shown up near the Sun's east limb.

Sunspots and aurora

Last weekend's polar lights have been witnessed by millions around the world. While many drove to dark places to watch this celestial spectacle, others grabbed a lawn chair and watched the baffling show from their own backyard. Children were woken up by their parents to watch the colours in the sky. The 10-11 May aurora certainly captured the attention and awe of the public and the media.

 

Activities

Ground Observations

The SIDC monitors the level of solar activity from the photosphere to the corona with ground based instruments located in Uccle and Humain.

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Space Instruments

To avoid the disturbing or blocking effect of the Earth atmosphere, EUV observations of the solar corona need to be made from space...

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Space Weather & Climate

We monitor and forecast solar variability to provide information services  to society and industry about the influence of space weather and climate.

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Data Processing & Distribution

Data processing is necessary to extract relevant information for research studies, whereas data distribution and visualization are part of ROB open data policy.

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Modeling

Modelling of Solar phenomena allows scientists to test theories and to predict Space Weather phenomena and their impact on Earth.

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Supporting Research

The SIDC shares and expands its expertise through interaction with both upcoming and experienced researchers.

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