The climate on earth is determined by the incoming solar energy. This incoming solar energy is quantified by the Total Solar Irradiance (TSI), which is defined as the incoming solar power per unit surface perpendicular to the sun-earth direction, at the mean sun-earth distance of 1 Astronomical Unit. The TSI is measured from space, and can be extended backwards in time using long-term ground observations such as the Sunspot Number.
Total Solar Irradiance observations.
The latest TSI data can be downloaded here.
Please cite the publications below if you are using this dataset.
S. Dewitte, J. Cornelis and M. Meftah. Centennial Total Solar Irradiance
Variation. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 1072. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14051072
S. Dewitte and S. Nevens. The Total Solar Irradiance Climate Data Record.
2016 ApJ 830 25, http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/0004-637X/830/1/25